Sparta and Athens were the most powerful states of ancient Greece; they were also each others biggest rivals. Oct 14, 2018 @ 7:01pm Originally posted by cjwasright: I wish there was a faction "favor" system with its own perks and rewards attached to it. Sparta, also known by its ancient name Lacedaemon in honor of their legendary founder, is often considered to have been the most dominant military presence in ancient Greece. Diffen LLC, n.d. However, the … Nine chief magistrates who had to undergo annual elections, Kings who either died or were thrown out from kingship. Taxed and protected other city-states. It is a center for economic, political, financial and culture life in Greece. SPARTA. which ultimately led to their decline. Their infantry soldiers were said to have been among the most skilled and fearsome warriors of the ancient world. Athens took its name from the goddess Athena, the goddess of wisdom and knowledge. Now I understand the difference between these two city-states. (A city-state was a city, such as Athens, and the surrounding country under its influence and protection; Athens and its surrounding area, known as Attica, was about the size of Rhode Island). Sparta built a military state government. Both Athens and Sparta hold historic value for Greece and the world. ATHENS. After a long period of decline under the rule of the Ottoman Empire, Athens reemerged in the 19th century as the capital of the independent Greek state. Athens and Sparta were two different political parties, Athens was a democracy, and Sparta was an oligarchy. Philosophers began to question the mythology. The cities of Athens and Sparta were bitter rivals in ancient Greece. HuoLong. Spartans used to capture fellow Greeks and turn them into slaves. #7. The difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens had a formal democratic arrangement and rooted in the philosophy of arts and learning, whereas Sparta had an organisation where a small group of people had control of the region with a military mindset. Athens is also considered a pioneer in modern infrastructural development as a large number of temples and buildings signifying beauty and sophisticated architecture was built over some time. Truth of the world had to be explained by human reason and intellect . Instead "man was the measure of all things". Spartan women were educated, allowed to own property/land, and were highly respected in politics (albeit had no final say). Strong Navy. Athens. Athens has found its name in Greek history for its undying wisdom and concentration on infrastructural development and Sparta for its military power. The main difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens had a formal democracy arrangement and rooted in the philosophy of arts and learning, whereas Sparta had an organisation where a small group of people had control of the region with a military mindset. Sparta was an “Oligarchy”. So, they set out conquering states that had enough food supplies, and in return the conquered land would get protection from invading armies. As a whole, the five Ephors had the power to overrule the Kings, but tended to keep to religious and militaristic duties. Athens took its name from the goddess Athena, the goddess of wisdom and knowledge.Sparta, a town near the river Evrotas, is located in the center of t… Athens is considered to be an originator of literature, intellect, arts, architecture, and modern culture. Controlling, traditional, and conservative. Sparta was mainly an agricultural land because of its inland location. Metics. Sparta seemed to be content with themselves and provided their army whenever required. The capital and largest city of Greece. What is Differences between Sparta and Athens? Historically, Athens treated women horribly, in fact they believed all women were possessed by demons. The slaves were treated badly by the Spartans even killing them on occasions. User Info: JudoHedgehog. The Ancient Greek “oligos” translates to “few”, while “archia” means “rule” – ‘rule by the few’. Delian League. "Sparta focused on military strength and being obedient." However, Athens and Sparta both went to Assembly where citizens could vote for laws and talk about fixing problems. The wars fought by Sparta and Athens in the fifth century bc pitted one city-state with ancient Greece’s greatest army against one boasting her … Athens and Sparta are one of the highly distinguished cities in Greece. Sparta, Athens, or Both? This is the site where we share everything we've learned. Other purposes of the general assembly were to vote on and pass legislation and make civil decisions. So all the states that didn’t like Athens pretty much asked Sparta to help them out. The one giving more purples. The war ended in 404 BC with the defeat of Athens and its democracy. when Athens conceded defeat to Sparta. The Spartans emphasized only on expanding their power and gaining control over other kingdoms while the Athenians also grew infrastructure wise in ancient times. “The purpose of Ask Any Difference is to help people know the difference between the two terms of interest. Most of the present-day western current traditions are attributed to these two regions.eval(ez_write_tag([[468,60],'askanydifference_com-box-3','ezslot_4',148,'0','0'])); Though Athens and Sparta were quite similar in certain aspects such as close territorial proximity and defense goals; however, both of them also had their own distinct set of values and customs. Edit or create new comparisons in your area of expertise. Sparta’s system of government was very exclusive and open to members of only the highest social standing. The cities of Athens and Sparta are famous for various reasons, including their eternal rivalry. Whether girl education was the norm in ancient times? Sparta was the Dorian Greek military state, considered as the protector of Greece as it was providing large army to Greece for many years. Modern day Sparta, which is known as Sparti in Greece, was rebuilt around 1834. Sparta, Athens, or Both? The Spartan equivalent of the senate was its “gerousia”, while Ephors and the Kings would regularly attend the “apella” (general assembly) to develop and try to pass “rhetrai”, or motions and decrees. Also a Mediterranean climate, but with more rain. However, the above is not the only difference. Reman Be Praised! Compared to the simple lifestyle of the Spartan people, Athenians had a very modern and open outlook. Although Athens and Sparta have things in common they were more different than they were alike. On the other hand, Athens wanted to take control of more and more land in Greece. <(=^.^=)>, this website is amazing, just finished a paper with cites and qoutes. Neither its fun to play whatever side I feel like it atm. The Athenian form of electing a government was called Limited Democracy while the Spartan form was called oligarchy" (rule by a few), but it had elements of monarchy (rule by kings), democracy (through the election of council/senators), and aristocracy (rule by the upper class or land owning class). Approximately 140,000; Approximately 40,000 men were citizens; and slaves (about 40,000). Created philosophers which literally mean lovers of wisdom. Athens and its allies, known as the Delian League, came into conflict with the Spartans and the Peloponnesian league, and in 431 BC a war broke out between the two cities - a war based on trade routes, rivalries, and tributes paid by smaller dependent states. While the skirmishes between the factions and overthrowing either Sparta or Athens in a particular region make up the majority of the side quests and … They weren't allowed to vote, weren't allowed to speak in public, and were forced to wear facial coverings in public. They could own no property apart from the family. Athens is the capital and the largest city of Greece. Sparta: Athens: Spartan life was simple. 7 Jan 2021. Report this Argument. Diffen.com. Geographically they are very close to each other, but have sometimes had very different values, lifestyles, and cultures. How was the government based in ancient times? Unlike Sparta, in Athens, boys were not forced to join the army. The two most authoritative states were the two that were always at war. Both sides experienced major victories and crushing defeats, and the war was frequently interrupted by periods of negotiated peace. Make quizzes, send them viral. As an Athenian, one could get a good education and could pursue several kinds of arts and sciences. Athens has been a house to exceptionally talented writers, thinkers, philosophers such as Socrates, Democritus, Hippocrates, Pindar, Phidias, Plato, Aristotle to name a few. In Athens and Attica, there were at least 150,000 Athenians, around 50,000 aliens, and more than 100,000 slaves. In Sparta, women had rights that other Greek women did not have. Land based army with no navy until the end of the Peloponnesian war. Athens though did not have a significant military power but had a commendable naval warship which led to defeating the Persians in multiple wars emerging as a primary naval power in the region of Greece. For example the lives of the Spartans revolved around war, preparing for war, educating their kids for war and conquering other countries during war. Sparta belonged to the Peloponnesian league and Athens belonged to the Delian League. Ask Any Difference is a website that is owned and operated by Indragni Solutions. mandatory military service from age 7 to 60. In medieval times, the city of Sparta was destroyed by many invasions. Though these are not very far away from each other, there … What is the region in which the city is located? They have some things in common, such as being located in Greece; however, more are the differences than the similarities when it comes to the characteristics of this Greek polis. In Sparta women were stronger and they formed liaisons with men as they chose. Athens Vs.Sparta Tyler King Greece, a country united by its name, but divided by its opinions, was separated into many city-states. It could be said that some even loved battle itself. That is why it considered itself as the protector of the Greek. Athens had a form of democratic government. In the modern times, apart from many other things signifying strong friendly ties between these two cities, there is a sports event titled “Spartathlon” which takes place every year commencing in Athens and ending in Sparta with athletes from the global community participating in the event. Web. Sparta was the principal enemy of Athens during the Peloponnesian War (between 431 and 404 BCE), from which it emerged victorious. Sparta vs. Athens. This eventually led to war between all the Greeks. Athens’s economy ran on commerce and trading in the sea as agriculture was not prominent due to the non-availability and/or suitability of the soil. The Greek city-state of Sparta won the war against Athens. These slaves used to help the Spartans complete their daily activities such as farming, labour etc. Landlocked. Sparta was defeated by Thebes at the Battle of Leuctra in 371 B.C. < >, "Athens focused on freedom, art, and worshiping the goddess of wisdom, Athena." Sparta had a powerful army and Athens knew that they could not beat them but they had the power of a naval unit which Sparta didn’t have. Where they differed was that while the Spartans had militaristic values, Athenians were democratic. Sparta. This conflict, the Peloponnesian War, essentially was a 28-year period of on and off civil war among Greek city-states. They could also own property by themselves. my teacher was so impressed. Athens and Sparta are both famous and prosperous cities in Ancient Greece, which have also rivaled each other for years. Athens and Sparta differed in their ideas of getting along with the rest of the Greek empires. In the Greek-Persian battles, Athens partnered with Sparta to defeat the Persians driving them out. What the two communities had in common was that they were both thinkers. Both Athens and Sparta hold historic value for Greece and the world. Young boys were trained to be warriors; young girls were trained to be mothers of warriors. Athens' Allies. Jun 2006 309 Virginia, United States Jun 25, 2006 #6 First, this is a childish thread. It is a center for economic, political, financial and culture life in Greece. Sparta is better than Athens in many ways. Athens has been continuously inhabited for at least 3,000 years, becoming the leading city of ancient Greece in the first millennium BCE; its cultural achievements during the 5th century BCE laid the foundations of western civilization. Athens became the foremost trading power of the Mediterranean by the 5th century BC. Navy was best in the Greek world. The main difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens was a form of democracy, whereas Sparta was a form of oligarchy. Nah it’s the other way round. They understood the importance of such growth and concentrated on them besides on military strength. The Shezarrine of this plain. Athens is the capital and the largest city of Greece. Athens and Sparta are the most well- known city-states of Ancient Greece. Ask Any Difference >> Law >> Difference Between Athens and Sparta (With Table). Athens: Sparta: Significance: Athens was the first ever city to introduce the democratic form of government: Sparta was the first ever city that was ruled by two different kings as an oligarchy. Sparta had a clear military advantage on land, but the Athenian navy surpassed Sparta’s capabilities at sea; neither side was able to seize and maintain the upper hand. What was the most important aspect from a defence perspective? Could not own land, but could run industries and businesses. From outside the city. The junior allies undertook that the allies and enemies of Sparta would be their … They are just 95 miles away from each other, but their differences were vastly noticeable. The most important imports were metals. Sparta and Athens Sparta The distinctiveness of Sparta. Even though they were different they were still very alike. Athens vs. Sparta. Athens and Sparta are two prominent Greek rival city-states. Athens and Sparta were two rival city-states, while the latter had very well trained military and soldiers, the former boasted of a good navy. Right from the time the child had birth till the person turned old, the endurance exercises were made compulsory such as leaving the child on a mountain overnight to test its strength and punishing small children very severely for unruly behaviour. Sparta was by far the greatest military power of it's time. One of the two significant rivals of ancient Greece is Athens and Sparta. Athens is the symbol of freedom, art, and democracy in the conscience of the civilized world. It can be considered as one of the prominent olden and traditional cities of the world with inhabitation dating back to more than 3000 years. The city lies at the southern end of the central Laconian plain, on the right bank of the Eurotas River. Athens is the cults puppet. The rapid rise of Athens as a dominant city-state in ancient Greece … The respective alliances of Sparta and Athens during the Peloponnesian war, reflected their spheres of geographic and military dominance. Athens is considered to have laid the structure and beginning of western civilization’s progress. Population & Map. Kenji. The word Sparta means simple and economical. After conquering many kingdoms and warring with many communities, Sparta spread to a major empire around 400 BCE. Monarchy 2. Sparta Athens Men, women and children Trade in Ancient Greece Greek Mythology TRADE IN ANCIENT GREECE. bigboyhowdy2 2 years ago #8. Five Ephors were elected annually, accompanied by two kings, who passed on the crowns to their chosen sons. The Athenian assembly, known as the “ekklesia”, sat to discuss political, militaristic and social matters and agendas in the pnyx. This was also the time of Athens' fall, which proclaimed Sparta superior in the constant war of the two empires. Sparta was more equal, fair and just, as well as being strong and smart. A few years ago we as a company were searching for various terms and wanted to know the differences between them. The war, known as the Peloponnesian War, raged for 27 years between the Athenian realm and the Peloponnesian coalition commanded by the Spartans. Second, look at Athens and Sparta now. Men even serviced the army after the age of 60 years. Athens were power hungry and made subjects of states under their control due to simply being bigger and better, and also the huge influence of an anti-Persian alliance known as the Delian League that Athens formed. On the other hand, the ruler of Athens is elected annually. It had more equal roles for women in society, and contrary to popular belief they did not leave weak babies on the hillsides. Athenian life was a creative wonderland. (Beckman, 2016, 116). Women were able to receive an education, have property, and as girls were trained in group exercises and agility. Prominent among the states that never experienced tyranny was Sparta, a fact remarked on even in antiquity. Both Athens and Sparta ruled using some elements of democracy and a superficial observer may assert that Athens was the more democratic of the two. A+. Some like Xenophanes began to reject the old beliefs. Each had their strengths and weaknesses and even shared some common patterns such as stable economies and defence architecture. 1. In Sparta, men were mainly warriors; others were slaves. Though during ancient times, Athens and Sparta were fighting battles against each other, the situation changed slowly. Sparta is also known by the name “Lacedaemon”. Athens economy was dependent more upon trade. Athens has given birth to prominent creative and imaginative people in diverse fields such as mathematics, sciences, history etc. not as military based, and required military service was only two years for citizens. Neither in Athens nor Sparta. Sparta … This was an area close by to the markets and social centre of Athens, the “agora”. Further battles led to the freedom of slaves. Whether the military was mandatory in ancient times? Due to soil erosion and less vegetation, water was a very scanty commodity in Sparta. Although both Athens and Sparta were powerful Greek city-states, they were very different. Their economy was mainly based on agriculture. They loved beauty, music, literature, drama, philosophy, politics, art, and sports. Sparta had an oligarchy form and had a classic military or autocratic rule. Athens hands down. Each would take charge for about a month, and ten generals were automatically elected due to their experience. Ever since then, we've been tearing up the trails and immersing ourselves in this wonderful hobby of writing about the differences and comparisons. Athens and Sparta were undeniably the two greatest cities in Ancient Greece, yet the method by which they ruled and governed their people varied greatly. Trade was a fundamental aspect of Ancient Greek society. Their lifestyles and culture could not have been anymore different from one another. Democratic Values. Family ties in Athens were stronger and women were legally the dependents of their husbands or their father. User Info: bigboyhowdy2. Sparta led the Peloponnesian League which was an alliance of neighboring cities such as Elis, Tegea and Mantinea, and the League was also joined by Athens’ maritime rival – Corinth. User Info: Skyfire023. 5000 to 6000 men were narrowed down to a group of 500, who would then be divided into groups of 50. Sparta is located in the southern region in Greece known as Laconia. Athens, on the other hand, wanted to control more and more of the land around them. Sparta people were not open to education and they only concentrated on military strength and obedience and they didn't interact much with the outside world. UberCryxic. The focus was on obedience and war. Home of many ancient philosophers, historians, and authors. What was the status of women in ancient times? Slavery made this possible by freeing the young men from household and industrial duties and allowing them to focus on their military duties. JudoHedgehog 2 years ago #7. The spartan tradition was based on military prowess. Somewhere in the early 1820s, the Greece King founded the modern city of Sparta. Athens displayed such a wonderful architecture that even Spartans who once defeated Athens were amazed by the beauty of the region that though they captured the city they did not destroy the artifacts. At a very young age, the boys were compulsorily being made to take military education and become paid soldiers. By 432 BC, Athens had become the most populous city-state in Hellas. They worshiped their gods and respected people. The title of the poll was who was better, and I said Athens. The power in Athens was held by the people, and in Sparta there were two kings and 5 Ephors who made laws. We write on the topics: Food, Technology, Business, Pets, Travel, Finance, and Science”. On the other hand, Athens was a democracy, which meant “rule by the people” – “demos” (people, or the masses) and “kratis” (rule). In Athens women did chores such as weaving or cooking, but in Sparta the women were free of all such chores. Difference Between Athens and Sparta (With Table), https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=kdBvCwAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PT6&dq=Athens+and+Sparta&ots=OQscbD4Fjw&sig=KWO5FmPrjGT7irRoobP_QuPXmSI, Comparison Table Between Athens and Sparta (in Tabular Form), Main Differences Between Athens and Sparta, Difference Between Assertive and Aggressive (With Table), Difference Between Systolic and Diastolic (With Table), Difference Between McAfee LiveSafe and Total Protection (With Table), Difference Between HCPCS and CPT (With Table), Difference Between Catholic and Lutheran (With Table), Difference Between Articles of Confederation and Constitution (With Table), Difference Between Verbal and Non-Verbal Communication (With Table). Athens is the symbol of freedom, art, and democracy in the conscience of the civilized world. Sparta was known for its military might and prowess, as well as its equality. Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. Others were chosen by a method called ‘lot’ voting. During the Middle Ages, the city experienced decline and then recovery under the Byzantine Empire, and was relatively prosperous during the Crusades, as they benefitted from Italian trade. We've learned from on-the-ground experience about these terms specially the product comparisons. Generate leads, increase sales and drive traffic to your blog or website. Sparta was content to keep to itself and provided army and assistance when necessary to other states. Thanks! Sparta has had two rulers in recent times, who ruled until they died. The process by which this was undertaken was by a simple shouting of ‘yes’ or ‘no’. At time of Peloponnesian War 360,000-610,000, At time of Peloponnesian War 40,000-50,000, Mediterranean climate, but more dry with about 15 inches of rain per year. Tradition relates that Sparta was founded by its first king, Lacedaemon, son of Zeus and Taygete, who named the city after his wife, the daughter of Eurotas, around 1000 BCE. The decisive Battle of Leuctra in 371 BCE ended the Spartan hegemony , although the city-state maintained its political independence until the … and ended in 404 B.C.E. Less freedom and status with more focus on household work, More freedom and status even receiving physical training similar to that of men. Discipline and battles were at the forefront of the philosophy professed by Sparta. Friction between Athens and the Peloponnesian states, including Sparta, began early in the Pentecontaetia; in the wake of the departure of the Persians from Greece, Sparta attempted to prevent the reconstruction of the walls of Athens (without the walls, Athens would have been defenseless against a land attack and subject to Spartan control), but was rebuffed. This idea eventually led to war between the Greeks. No more needs to be said. Some eighty years after the Trojan War, according to the traditional chronology, Dorian migration from the north took place and eventually led to the rise of classical Sparta — famous as a martial power, foe of the Persian Empire, and eventual conqueror of Athens. These very distinct provinces were that of Sparta and Athens.Sparta was focused on having a perfect military, whereas Athens made it a point to have a perfect government for their people. Taking the side of Athens is Pericles and taking the side of Sparta is King Leonidas. Athens had a Mediterranean climate with great amount of precipitation, whereas Sparta had fairly temperate but very dry climate. Freemen: Aristocrats-middle (farmers)-thetes-slaves. Also in a hilly area that provides natural defense. Leader of the Delian League. However, women from Sparta had more freedom compared to their counterparts in other cities. Their ideals, principles, and the way they tackle challenges are so contrasting it created animosity between them. Government frequently changes. At present, Sparta is the administrative capital of the prefecture of Laconia. Athens and Sparta were two of the largest City-States of Ancient Greece. If you read this far, you should follow us: "Athens vs Sparta." The Peloponnesian War began in 431 B.C.C. Sparta, a town near the river Evrotas, is located in the center of the Peloponnese in southern Greece. Skyfire023 2 years ago #6. In Athens, the government was corrupt, slaves were attacked and raped, and women weren’t even allowed to leave their homes. Known in Greek as Sparti. What was the most important focal point in ancient times. Under the alliance, Sparta would lead the troops of all the cities in war – a unified army under Spartiate control. The player would then be given a motive to either side with Sparta or Athens, or with neither to get the maximum financial reward. The main occupation was agriculture and people did not possess a forward-looking outlook nor devoted significant time to the intellect, ideas and philosophy.Sparta at one stage defeated Athens in the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.). A comparison between both the terms on certain parameters can shed light on subtle aspects: Athens is an ancient city in Greece. Athens. uQuiz.com is a free online quiz making tool. Both had troubles feeding their people as the land around their city-state was barren. What was the economy dependent on in ancient times? Participation in government is a civic responsibility, Athens. Civilization, Commercial development and intelligence. Athens. Athens.