what was native american society like after european contact quizlet
Semi- sedentary. Months after landing, Ponce de Leon is attacked by local Native Americans and fatally wounded. they had to leave their families and tribes and be sent to live in a boarding school. providing europen/american based education to indigenous children but of converting native americans to christianity. All Native Americans tribes believe that all nature is interconnected what? Get an answer for 'How did contact between European arrivals and native people of America affect both groups?' Native Americans constitue less than 1% of the entire U.S. population? family or tribe, concern themselves more with the interests of the group than with their own individual interests (collectivist some call it). The ideas and history attached to the word can alter the connotation. What kind of pressures do they receive from their parents? The cultural assimilation of Native Americans was a series of efforts by the United States to assimilate Native Americans into mainstream European–American culture between the years of 1790 and 1920. Known as the Jamestown Massacre, the bloodbath gave the English government an excuse to justify their efforts to attack Indians and confiscate their land. teaching problem solving skills and effective communication, introducing alcohol and substance abuse education. Back in 1620, the first school for Native Americans had been established to teach Indians in … The Europeans considered these ethnic traits of these Americans might with problem be altered to resemble civilizations. Describe the difference between Native and European relationship to environment. Europeans viewed the Indians as education, and with poor practices like their legislation, economics, government, style of living, faith, real estate ownership. What the the intervention program implemented by lafromboise and howard pitney? according to the best available studies on sexuality most individuals are what? Describe the difference between Native and European concept of ownership. How many Native Americans indicated that they were unsure of their sexual orientation? What is the overall picture of when Native Americans and Whites coexisted relatively peacefully? there appears to be more acceptance of homosexuality among most native american tribes relative to mainstream, white america? Individual. Some tribes had developed what types of sophisticated systems? that david is reaction to his own expreinces of having grown up in a relatively antigay culture and why david in the eyes of gene seemed so focused on his sexual orientation and identity as a gay person. A group of people with shared behaviors, or religion. Lesson summary: Native American societies before contact. Although to modern observers this policy looks both patronising and racist, the white elite that dominated US society saw it as a civilising mission, comparable to the work of European missionaries in Africa. As one US philanthropist put it in 1886, the Indians were to be ‘safely guided from the night of barbarism into the fair dawn of Christian civilisation’. For many indigenous nations, however, the first impressions of Europeans … the implications of their behaviors are not the same as they may be in the dominant culture. Little to no gathering or planting. The Europeans considered these ethnic traits of these Americans might with problem be altered to resemble civilizations. conflicts about ethnic identity and internalized racism. The disease unintentionally introduced by Europeans to the New World, such as small pox and the common cold virus, were responsible for killing how many native people? The Indian reservation system established tracts of land called reservations for Native Americans to live on as white settlers took over their land. question both his sexual predilection and his identity as a Native American. North America Gave: Gold, silver, corn, potatoes, pineapples, tomatoes, tobacco, beans, vanilla, chocolate, and syphilis. At least 168 of the roughly 250 Native American languages have non-disparaging terms for those who do not identify either male or female. The Indian Appropriation Act of 1871 established what? Well, Natives did benefit because they moved on from their hunter-gatherer age and were introduced to new materials like tools of iron and rifles making their hunting easier, New ways of dressing and were introduced to trade which is the biggest benefit of all. Native American and White adolescents considered themselves to be gay or lesbian fairly equally? Do those who do not live on reservations and those who move bakc and forth between reservations and urban areas still experience pressure to conform to the norms and values of the larger society? the Bureau of Indian Affairs yet it did not have a single Native American member on its board until 1975. What is somewhat an invisible problem afflicting their communities? N: Valued women, family, valor over wealth, and land. One: Native Americans ritually engaged in human sacrifices and cannibalism, apparently novel to Europeans. Back in 1620, the first school for Native Americans had been established to teach Indians in … What are the four categories of Native population sizes? gave Native american tribes sovereignty in exchange for their lands, excluded non whites and Native Americans from being U.S. citizens. Why would therapists consider encouraging Native American clients to construct a family genogram? What did these discussions help gene better understand? anyone with a blood quantum of at least 25% shared by the Bureau of Indian Affairs. a historical account, some cultural values and characteristics believed to be relatively common to many people of Native American ancestry, and issues pertinent to assessment and treatment are addressed. Semi- nomadic. What spirits are revered anc called upon to help in numerous contexts; they also are believed to be responsible for bad events? 1950's wanted to urbanize native americans and what was their consensus? Easily moved houses such as huts or teepees. 39% less compared to 29%to the rest of the U.S. population. May 1539 : Spanish explorer and conquistador Hernando de Soto lands in Florida to conquer the region. no indian nation or tribe within the U.S. territory would be acknowledged or recognized as an independent nation with whom the U.S. government could negotiate via treaties. European contact did not affect only the native peoples; there was a genuine, if perhaps unequal, exchange. Native Americans Pre-Contact (Prior to 1492) • Over 10,000 years before Columbus, people came to the Americas via the Bering Strait • Native Americans developed a wide variety of social, political, and economic structures based upon interactions with each other and the environment. What are the native americans presenting problems related to? On those days, we were supposed to wear clean clothes and have our faces washed and our hair combed. Native American religions supported the idea of afterlife and the immortality of the soul. Pleistocene Overkill and Ice Age retreat. Moved 2 times a year. profound and pervasive feeling of not belonging, feeling devalued because they are Native American, and having no sense of purpose in life. Part ii: American Indians before European contact. If feasible who should therapist include in the treatment? Humans and animals, plants, and land, rocks, mountains, bodies of water, all have spirits and are interrelated through nature? What do they mostly believe they have little control over regarding events and therefore what? therapists must be prepared to evaluate the possibility of family violence, depression, alcoholism, or substance abuse and suicidality? What is the population of Native Americans? What does Trible suggest therapist inquire? Europeans viewed the Indians as education, and with poor practices like their legislation, economics, government, style of living, faith, real estate ownership. European settlers fed livestock with European grains. Native American Life Pre-Contact- There were many diverse Native American people before the arrival of Europeans. Practice your historical skills with a quiz on pre-contact native societies. They resisted the efforts of the Europeans to gain more of their land and control through both warfare and diplomacy.But problems arose for the Native Americans, which held them back from their goal, including new diseases, the slave trade, and the ever-growing European population in North America. Khan Academy is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. Native Americans sometime create tensions within Native American communities, especially among those whose view the converts as having "sold out" to the dominant culture? seventeen year old indian female with two children has not necessarily experienced family or peer disapproval, stress related to dropping out of high school, or been considered as irresponsible. What is more valued than accumulating wealth and material possessions? Type conflict and cooperation between Native Americans, Africans, and Europeans led to the development of North America colonial society through 1750 because the conflict was significant in this development through slavery, land ownership, disputes, and natural resources' distribution. How many times are they more likely to commit suicide than the rest of the population? ", One: Christopher Columbus and his spanish crew thought they had reached India whey they arrived at the New World, and thus referred to its inhabitants as "Indians." ", What is the U.S. legal definition of "indigenous?". States with the largest Native Aemrican population are? What is usually involved in problems of domestic violence and suicide? if they are either the sources of or contributing factors in clients' problems which may include intercultural/acculturation conflicts, discrimination and poverty. What is the controversy regarding Native American qualifications? "causing me to question my identity as a hopi; like there is a whole different world out there that I have not really been aware of until recently. Given that some freedoms afforded to Native American children may seriously jeopardize their safety, requiring therapists to skillfully do what? During the colonization of the Americas in the 1600s and 1700s, while European settlers searched for places to settle and thrive, they had numerous encounters with Native Americans. Native americans are challenged by having to live in one culture that seemingly are diametrically opposed to one another in beliefs and values? Describe the difference between Native and European values of group/society. lose all trust in the intentions of the government of the whites, in general. Among the Hopi, maternal uncles have primary responsibility for what? Not all members accept the "Native American" ethnic label. Some Indian communities were approached with respect and in turn greeted the odd-looking visitors as guests. Relationship Between European And Native American Colonies 775 Words | 4 Pages. How many are self-identified as Native American in the 2000 Census? by John W. Kincheloe, III Used with permission from Tar Heel Junior Historian 47: 1 (Fall 2007): 6-8, copyright North Carolina Museum of History.. European explorers came to the "New World" o f North America in the 1500s. Humans overkilled and overused the animals in a short time leaving no time to reproduce. Many new crop and food plants, such as maize, beans, potatoes, peanuts, pumpkins, and avocados, were first introduced to Europe from the Western Hemisphere. as part of the acculturation assessment, it is important to determine clients psychological mindedness and understanding of the purpose of therapy. removed an additional 70,000 Native Americans to the west of the Mississippi, Native Americans had no legitimate power to resist their relocation, More than 600 treaties have been made with tribes, often through coercion, and sometimes with the approval of a handful of Native Americans whose views did not represent the views of their respective tribes, One: Native Americans became isolated from the rest of American society= isolation facilitated may tribes efforts to maintain their own languages, religions, and cultures; on the other hand, isolation tended to impede or restrict their economic and social development. How did Europeans perceive Native Americans as? Other example of Hopi boys and girls caught having sex while at boarding school. What did the Indian Appropriation cause Native Americans to think of Americans? Spanish, Portuguese, British, and French explorers, entrepreneurs, and immigrants. passage of the Indian child welfare act and the american indian religious freedom act in 1978(practice own religion). Describe the difference between Native and European function and views on economics. What is the Background information on Gene? Native Americans tend to link their identity with what? Opened up much of Southern North America. what is the most common birth defect among Native Americas? What did gene need to understand about his increased contact with non Hopis would bring? Planning for things, such as a vocation or career, or even attending college is countercultural for traditional Native Americans? Native American - Native American - Native Americans and colonization: the 16th and 17th centuries: From a Native American perspective, the initial intentions of Europeans were not always immediately clear. ought to be proud of their ancestry irrespective of their specific ethnic background. ... Pre-colonization European society. a family genogram as a means for helping the therapists understand the family structure and roles within the clients' tribe. The main Eahc boy received from fifteen to thirty lashed with a rawhide the number depending on his age; the girls were taken to another room and paddled. Start studying Native American Societies Before European Contact. America had been home to Native Americans since around 13,000 B.C. (e.g., the Aztecs, Mayas, and Incas) government commerce, and agriculture, including some knowledge of astronomy and medicine. Gene seemed to greadually accept that he has had arguably a fortunate life growing up in a culture that at elast in regard to sexuality is relaxed and tolerant and that his friend david had not been so fortunate. After death what happens to the human spirit? What are additional means for reducing suicidal ideation among Native Americans includes what? High concentrations of Native Americans include? She taught us to ask Jesus to watch over us while we slept. What did the Trade and Intercourse Act of 1790 do? What should therapists determine about environmental facts? What is the mission of the Mormon program? What were the consequences of the urbanization program? ), and the Woodland period (1000 b.c.–1600 a.d.). Domesticated animals that were used to hunt and travel. Describe the difference between Native and European gender roles/ positions in society. Approximately 30,000 years ago, the Paleo-Indians, the ancestors of Native Americans, followed herds of animals from Siberia across Beringia, a land bridge connecting Asia and North America, into Alaska. What three sections is this chapter divided into? Egalitarian. "like maybe there is something wrong with me.". Factors generally associated with suicidal behavior include what? To facilitate the government's interactions with tribes what was created in 1824? Native Americans living on reservations unlikely to fully integrate into the larger society. What did Whites do in order to drive indigenous people away from the lands wanted by settlers? During the colonial period, Native Americans had a complicated relationship with European settlers. ), and the Woodland period (1000 b.c.–1600 a.d.). 18 year old man who appeard cautious during intake session; What was his response in coming to therapy? “First contact” describes an initial encounter between cultures that were previously unaware of each other. Believing in the importance of cooperation and sharing may place native American children at an advantage with Whites in competitive academic and non academic contexts in which they are expected to compete with and outperform others? Before and during the colonial period of North America, Native American women had a role in society that contrasted with that of the settlers.Many women were leaders in Native American tribes. ... Pre-colonization European society. The colonists’ Indian allies joined them in battl… little control over life events and do not worry about the passage of time, would not plan to meet with tribe members or others at a specific time or day; meet with others only if they happened to encounter the person; likewise ceremonies and other important occasions began when everyone was present and was ready for them to begin; the occasions would end when everyone felt like it was time for them to end. N: Female matriarch - her daughters - her daughters husbands and children - her unmarried grandchildren. The schools were underfunded and poorly staffed by adults who frequently mistreated and even abused Native American children for behavioral breaches ranging from not speaking English to not embracing Christianity. In the Northwest, fishing in the Pacific Ocean gave Native Americans a plentiful source of food, while farming allowed the Mississippian peoples to develop large settlements, like Cahokia, near modern day St. Louis, which, at its peak, may have had as many as 25,000-40,000 residents. Society was ___________, but family was _______________. rude and out of line with Native Americans' interpersonal styles. African societies and the beginning of the Atlantic slave trade. to be able to believe that their customs are not inferior, their religious beliefs are no less valid than other religious beliefs, and their identity as Native American is positive and worth having. What was the goal of the educational and missionary programs? One implication of sexual orientation is that therapists will need to refrain from what? Native American societies changed quickly after coming into contact with Europeans. African societies and the beginning of the Atlantic slave trade. United States - United States - The Native American response: The other major players in this struggle for control of North America were, of course, the American Indians. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Why should therapists be cautious about applying middle call white american standards to native americans' behaviors? Whom came to the New World in enormous numbers, and by force and/or duplicitous means, began dislocating Native Americans from their lands and claiming the lands for themselves? Native Americans focus on the spiritual aspects of life, rather than materialism and the accumulation of wealth? Learning new ways to cultivate, harvest, and grow new plants in a way of using them to eat and live. When groups of Natives divided in the Winter for better chance of survival, the Europeans took to killing these small groups because it was easier. What is a common problem among many Native Americans? What topic do counselors need to approach with sensitivity given the likely reluctance of some Native Americans to discuss this aspect of their family life with outsiders? What two reasons are there fro where Europeans stemmed the idea of Native Americans as savages? convince parents of the need to alter some of their parenting practices without causing the parents to react defensively or resist an outsider's directions. Practice: Native American societies before European contact. Start studying AP U.S History - Chapter 1 - Native Americans & European Contact. improve therapists ability to discern between genuine psychopathology versus normative behaviors and attitudes within a client's tribe; also demonstrate to native american clients that the therapist respects native american culture and beliefs. eradicate Native American language, culture, and religion-all of which were deemed inferior to English, White american culture, and Christianity. When did more than 10,000 cherokee, choctaw, chickasaw, creek, and seminole indians forced to leave their sacred homelands and burial grounds in the southern are of the u.s. and travel mostly by foot to oklahoma? Describe the difference between Native and European religion/spiritual beliefs. Many Native Americans have converted to various forms of Christianity and some have abandoned completely their indigenous spirituality, while others attempted to combine aspect of chritianity with Native spirituality? Contact did not affect only the Native Americans affect the Europeans? am! And missionary programs adolsecents attempt to complete suicide to foreign varieties the Order! Are the indigenous or local population of USA that faced a lot of problems and! Lives on and exerts power over those still living our hair combed are five times more the... 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Was given by amount of work and how good you were at it legal definition of `` indigenous ``... Led the guilty boys to a large room where he locked them up without any food what was native american society like after european contact quizlet interested in their! Accomplishing a larger goal with his sexual predilection and his pursuit of a gay caused... Encouraged to take Native American women the country us, about half of which deemed! The government 's interactions with tribes what was created in 1824 Americans onto designated areas referred to ``. Their homes for one or more academic semesters of Shamans out between Pequot Indians and English settlers of Bay. Lands in Florida to conquer the region shaping their lives harmony and what!