In infectious disease ecology and epidemiology, a natural reservoir, also known as a disease reservoir or a reservoir of infection, is the population of organisms or the specific environment in which an infectious pathogen naturally lives and reproduces, or upon which the pathogen primarily depends for its survival. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins An organism that is the host for a parasitic pathogen or that directly or indirectly transmits a pathogen to which it is immune. a large or extra supply or stock; reserve: a reservoir of knowledge. transfer host one that is used until the appropriate definitive host is reached, but … “The reservoir for filovirus has remained a huge mystery,” Bruenn said in 2010. And That Could Be the Key to Stopping It. 1. a large or extra supply of something 2. lake used to store water for community use 3. tank used for collecting and storing a liquid (as water or oil) 4. anything (a person or animal or plant or substance) in which an infectious agent normally lives and multiplies Although salty water can be an extreme environment, the presence of an ocean suggests there might be more of these briny water reservoirs located elsewhere on the dwarf planet, raising hopes Ceres was once a habitable world—and might still be. All rights reserved. The fireman was already on the tender, ready to slew over the pipe that would bring a cataract of water down into the reservoir. We also need rain to fill the reservoirs that provide drinking water. for community water supplies or irrigation 2 a receptacle for storing gas, esp. All Free. A natural or artificial pond or lake used for the storage of water. reservoir host an animal (or species) that is infected by a parasite, and which serves as a source of infection for humans or another species. The stream is so large and constant that there is nothing left in the reservoir. Most underground reservoirs are used to store liquids, principally either water or … (Biology) biology a vacuole or cavity in an organism, containing a secretion or some other fluid 4. reservoir [rez´er-vwahr] 1. a storage place or cavity. secondary host intermediate host. 2. an alternate or passive host or carrier that harbors pathogenic organisms without injury to itself and serves as a source from which other individuals can be infected. 3. a cavity or part that holds some fluid or secretion. ; The source of infection is defined as “the person, animal, object or substance from which an infectious agent passes or is disseminated to the host (immediate source).” The starting point for the occurrence of a communicable disease is the existence of a reservoir or source of infection. Then a waterproofing contractor agreed to make the reservoir water tight with paper and tar, by applying it on the inside. Do you know what they mean? reservoir (n.) 1680s, "a place where something tends to collect," originally figurative, from French réservoir "storehouse," from Old French reserver "set aside, withhold," from Latin reservare "keep back, save up; retain, preserve," from re-"back" (see re-) + servare "to keep, save, preserve, protect" (from PIE root *ser-(1) "to protect"). a place where anything is collected or accumulated in great amount. a large or extra supply or stock; reserve: a natural or artificial lake or large tank used for collecting and storing water, esp for community water supplies or irrigation, a receptacle for storing gas, esp one attached to a stove, a vacuole or cavity in an organism, containing a secretion or some other fluid, a place where a great stock of anything is accumulated. For an infectious agent, an animal, person, plant, soil, or other substance in which the agent normally abides. Terms of Use. (Biology) biology a vacuole or cavity in an organism, containing a secretion or some other fluid 4. A carbon reservoir is a store of carbon within the carbon cycle. This reservoir is filled up to the level of the tube opening. The reservoir typically harbors the infectious agent without injury to itself and serves as a source from which other individuals can be infected. Source and Reservoir of Infection. The Most Surprisingly Serendipitous Words Of The Day, The Dictionary.com Word Of The Year For 2020 Is …. Reservoir Dogs did fantastic internationally, so everyone was waiting for my new movie. Reservoir construction and operation can have a substantial effect on downstream river morphology. An organism or a population that directly or indirectly transmits a pathogen while being virtually immune to its effects. Copyright © 2011. “Capital” vs. “Capitol”: Do You Know Where You’re Going? From the French reservoir, from reserver meaning … Laying Down The Law On “Sedition” vs. “Treason” vs. “Insurrection” vs. “Coup”, “Affect” vs. “Effect”: Use The Correct Word Every Time, What You Need To Know About “Protester” vs. “Rioter” vs. “Terrorist” vs. “Mob”. Last Updated on January 8, 2020 by Sagar Aryal. (Anatomy) anatomy another name for cisterna 5. a place where a great stock of anything is accumulated a receptacle or chamber for holding a liquid or fluid. for community water supplies or irrigation  2  a receptacle for storing gas, esp. The American Heritage® Science Dictionary See: Reservoir of infection. The Nature paper might have referred specifically to the set of known allelic variants. / ˈrɛz ərˌvwɑr, -ˌvwɔr, -ˌvɔr, ˈrɛz ə- /. The word reservoir comes from the French réservoir, which further derives from the Old French reserver, meaning "to reserve." ©1996-2021 MedicineNet, Inc. All rights reserved. Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. a natural or artificial lake for storing and supplying water for an area A reservoir is also a large supply of something that could be used if needed: There’s a tremendous reservoir of goodwill out … The more different alleles the organism has, the more possible genotypes it might have. Dictionary.com Unabridged An underground mass of rock or sediment that is porous and permeable enough to allow oil or natural gas to accumulate in it. Tank reservoirs for water are also called cisterns. 1  a natural or artificial lake or large tank used for collecting and storing water, esp. Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012. We’ve gathered some interesting words donated to English from Portuguese … as well as some that just don’t translate at all. The animal reservoir for SARS is bats, whereas the reservoir for MERS is primarily camels. A reservoir is an area of subsurface rock containing fluid hydrocarbons. 8 synonyms of reservoir from the Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, plus 18 related words, definitions, and antonyms. A place where something such as water is kept in reserve. From 2009 to 2018, researchers measured the carbon content of springwater fed by the Velino aquifer, which is near the epicenter of the 2009 L’Aquila quake and sits atop a reservoir of CO2 in Earth’s crust. Reservoir: A pond, lake, tank, or basin (natural or human made) where water is collected and used for storage. A pool is a natural underground reservoir containing an accumulation of petroleum. Note: A reservoir serves as a source from which transmission of infection and outbreaks of disease can occur. conserved matter moves through the biotic and abiotic parts of an ecosystem 1 a natural or artificial lake or large tank used for collecting and storing water, esp. a natural or artificial place where water is collected and stored for use, especially water for supplying a community, irrigating land, furnishing power, etc. 2. Find more ways to say reservoir, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. 1. n. [Geology] A subsurface body of rock having sufficient porosity and permeability to store and transmit fluids. The unit’s reservoir holds enough water for 90 seconds of use. reservoir - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Ebola's Roots Are 50 Times Older Than Mankind. Reservoir of infection: Any person, animal, plant, soil or substance in which an infectious agent normally lives and multiplies. It can also be used to describe great amounts of other things, such as when you refer to a trivia expert as a reservoir of useless knowledge. Is Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) the Next SARS? (Anatomy) anatomy another name for cisterna 5. a place where a great stock of anything is accumulated MedicineNet does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. If the reservoir also is used for recreation or for generation of hydroelectric power, those requirements must be considered. a)Atmosphere is the major reservoir of Nitrogen in Nitrogen cycle b) In water cycle; oceans, glaciers and lakes are reservoirs Example:a)Plants and animals as exchange pool in N 2 cycle: Movement of soil nitrates (NO 3 - ) absorbed by plants to herbivores to carnivores in a food chain ... geology, physics, computer science, chemistry and biology. Biology. ©1996-2020 MedicineNet, Inc. All rights reserved. The rains have returned to much of the state, but some reservoir levels are still worryingly low. Decisions must be coordinated with other reservoir managers along the river. Channel-bed erosion downstream from 24 large reservoirs in Kansas ranged from negligible for a few sites to a maximum of about nine feet for the Republican River downstream from Milford Dam in northeast Kansas (Juracek, 2001). Which of the following animal names traces its immediate origin to Portuguese? Tank reservoirs store these in ground-level, elevated, or buried tanks. Tensions further arose when satellite images revealed a growing reservoir behind the GERD, angering Egypt and Sudan that had demanded that Ethiopia should not start filling the dam without an agreement. ; noun An underground accumulation of petroleum or natural gas. A storage place or cavity where something such as water is kept in reserve or stored as. 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